Species & Ecosystem Conservation
Biological Diversity: The International Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) that emerged from the Earth Summit (Rio 1992) defined this term as: “the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial (forest, steppe, badia, deserts. ……etc.), marine and other aquatic (fresh) ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems”. In simpler terms, biological diversity is defined as all organisms, including their genetic composition, which is the cause of their existence and formation.
Biological diversity represents the only natural resource that is renewable in the globe and is the basis of the human existence. It is the source of food, medicine and well-being for humanity.