Formally established on the 11th of November 2003, under decree (1733), and later announcement in the Official Gazette, Volume 10, of the year 2004. The establishment of SSCW was the fruit of efforts initiated in 2002 by environment and wildlife enthusiasts to create a society for the conservation of wildlife in Syria.
SSCW resorts to various tools to establish its goals, including nature reserves, genetic banks, in-situ and ex-situ conservation, awareness campaigns, ecotourism, clean and alternative energies, and organized hunting through hunting clubs.
SSCW is actively involved in improving management of biodiversity, and wildlife in particular. Optimizing practices to ensures the development of local communities through capacity building of various groups, increasing their environmental awareness, rights and responsibilities relaying the latest findings of studies and research.